Wankel Meets BMW
Seattle, Washington [redacted]
I am writing to share with you and members of the “Club”some of the fun that I have had with my 1979 BMW 320i!
This story starts after I had already owned my car for 4 years (purchased in April 1983, with 58,000 miles on it) and had thoroughly enjoyed driving it for 60,000 miles. Along the way, as an enthusiast, the prerequisite “tweeks” were administered ; shortened springs, Bilstein shocks, Tokico sway bars, and Panasport wheels shod with various tires over time. Fortu nately, the car was an “S” version for 1979. All that really means is that the car came with Recaro seats, limited slip and three spoke steering wheel for comfort and grip. The powerplant was the venera ble 2 liter, mated to the 4 speed trans mission. Hopefully, I have painted a picture of what my car is (and was!)
Sometime after about 115,000 miles, I started to assess my interest in the car and determined that with the excep tion of the available horsepower , I was still very pleased with my ride, (the styling, suspension, seating, etc.). Since it had depreciated in value on the open market , it only made sense to upgrade the powerplant. Enter Dennis Hayes, from hayes Rotary Engineering in Redmond. After many conversations, we decided to go ahead and applicate a Mazda 13B rotary into the engine bay of my car! Dennis assembled the motor to withstand turbo-charging (as if I want to!) for maxim u m internal strength. The engine is normally aspi rated with Dellorto side drafts. With headers, the net result is about 225 HP from 1.3 liters. The real trade off between this engine and the BMW engine is fuel consumption – I 2 mpg (13B) vs. 19 (BMW). However , the rotary willingly sings up the tach to 9500 rpm!
After Dennis built the motor, he referred me to Steve Hersch, owner of Heavy Weather Fittings. Steve is a rare breed of engineer / fabricator / artist, who, took on the task of installing this potent powerplant. Steve had the car for a total of about 10 weeks during the removal and installation. (See Steve’s article for all the technical details of the transplant!). My credo to Steve and Dennis was to build it “Hell for Stout!” and they did not disappoint! To make the engine and the installa tion “bullet – proof” was my project goal, as this car is a daily driver for me. Why would someone want to do all this, when you could either build a new BMW motor , or perhaps get involved in some other car (newer and/ or fas ter)? Well , in summation, this is how it stacks up . . .
- After the transplant, it definitely became one-of-a-kind
- With no valves to adjust, tune-ups consist of plugs, oil and filters, with the carbs easy to
- Electronic ignition is set it and forget it.
- As I mentioned earlier, the engine loves to The power starts deliver ing down at 2800 rpm and screams all the way to 8000 rpm (my self imposed redline). O.K., here’s the meat of the matter: 0-60 in 6 seconds flat. Mated to the RX-7 5-speed, I have calculated a top speed of oh, right at 145 mph. (I had to calculate it, my speedo only goes to 120.)
- The car is so much fun to drive, and so subtle in traffic that I’ve sur prised more than a few of the “Auto bahn Sleds”!
- I still enjoy the practical side of the 3 series car, with a back seat and real
- No car payments . . . I mean , I’d like an M3 too, however . . .$!
In finishing this story, to date, I have put just over 10,000 miles on the “new” car and still it’s a ball to drive! Bugs and glitches have been few and far between. This has not been a cheap endeavor to pursue. If you ever get the itch to do this, set aside a high four figure budget to scratch it with, and hire the best people to work toward your interests.
Michael C. Pitton
[Steve Hersch has provided us with the preceding insights from the “convertor’s perspective.”]
This will not be the first time Ger man and Japanese technology have joined, however, it is probably the first time a Mazda 13 B rotary engine has been under the hood of a 320i.
Some of the specifics: Specially made parts were kept at a minimum, and wherever possible either BMW or Mazda original equipment was used. All new fasteners remained metric.
New engine mounts were designed to use the stock Mazda biscuits. The forward section of the driveline was modified with an RX 7 yoke in front and the Bavarian splines to the rear, so that the center support bearing the aft section of driveline are original equipment. The new exhaust system follows the approximate trail of the stock 320’s. A Mazda Rotary Pickup radiator and oil cooler were installed with a subsequent removal of some BMW sheet metal to accommodate the Mazda core. The 320i high pressure fuel pump had to be removed since the rotary was supporting a Dellorto side draft carburetor. Two Fawcet pumps were installed utilizing the stock filter and fuel lines. The 320’s steel hyd raulic clutch line was flared for the Mazda fitting, so that the BMW master oper ates the RX 7 slave. A Mazda throttle cable was married to the stock 320 fit ting through the firewall. Wiring was both easy and difficult. The BMW tachometer and Mazda alternator both required no modification. But the new fuel pumps needed some bypass work under the fuse box to get them to work when the coils were energized. The injector sensors, air conditioning wir ing, electric fan, and radiator sensors were all eliminated from the BMW loom. A bushing was made to adapt the Bavarian temperature sender to the rotary. The console lost its ashtray to the Mazda shifter, but now sports VDO ammeter, oil pressure and temp er;;tture gauges. A circuit breaker was installed to protect the ammeter lead.
But one may ask why do all this? Why spend the money? Why create other problems to solve when original equi pmen t mainte nance is pes k y enough? From the owner’s perspective it is scoot, speed – the rabbit stays the same size but genetically engineered for more kick. Passing gear is seductive.
From my view as the converter – it is lust, it is jazz, it is there to d o – it had not been done before. It is uniquely American to steal the best ideas and technology on the planet and then combine them in a thoughtful mixture to produce something with a twist, a turn of wit.
It is my opinion that when things begin to be viewed as pure and sacred, they then become static, rigid, unchanging, uninteresting, lifeless . Boundaries need to be nudged, para meters should be pushed. The com posers Duke Ellington and J.S. Bach knew this. They always left room in their scores for the spontaneous thought of the musicians playing the piece. J.S. has been dead for so long now that his music has been filled with the notes of the purists, and new interpretations of his work are often met with cries of adulterer, vilifier. But Duke’s compo sitions have always welcomed new approaches.
So it was done because it was music waiting to be composed, it was d one for the lust of joining technologies. The irony, though, is that the rotary or Wankel engine is the product of a German mind and had to travel to Japan before being mass produced.
– Steve Hersch
This article was originally published in the June 1988 edition of Zundfolge